The Geography of Armenia

The Geography of Armenia

November 27, 2019

Armenia is a mountainous country situated in the South of the Transcaucasia region. This is a district between Caspian and Black seas, and once the country itself scratched from the Caspian sea to the Black under the Tigranes kingdom. At that time, the country was known as "sea to sea Armenia".

Today modern Armenia occupies half of historical Armenia. The geography of Armenia is famous for the mountainous territory, fast-flowing rivers, and rich nature. Let's discuss some of the most important features of the Armenian geography.

The Armenian Environment

Armenia occupies a territory of 29.743 square kilometers. The area is covered with mountains and flat valleys. The country includes 10 regions, each of which has a unique culture and somehow different traditional beliefs.

The Regions of Armenia

The ten regions or provinces of Armenia are 

The Regions of Armenia

On the other hand, Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) is always an inseparable part of the country. The capital of the country - Yerevan is a separate area, excluded from the provinces. This is the largest city in the republic. But more cities don't lack exciting places. Let's check out.

The Armenian Cities

Armenian isn't famous for its city life. The Armenian cities aren't huge. The largest ones are Yerevan, GyumriVanadzorVagharshapatDilijan, etc. You won't find skyscrapers here, cause the country mainly includes towns, villages, and small townships.

Such small towns and rural places that are located at the heart of the untouched nature have a great potential to be the perfect place that will guarantee your ideal relax. If you are a nature lover, then you may take the pleasure of your time, especially in the Lori, Tavush, and Syunik Provinces. Here nature is the richest. Forests full of various trees cover the mountains. Are you interested in discovering these mountains? Come on!

Mountains in Armenia

In the territory of historical Armenia, the highest peak of the country was the Mount Ararat (5.165 meters). This is the well known biblical mountain where Noah landed.

Mountains in Armenia

In today's republic, the highest mountain is Aragats (4.094 meters). Other high peaks are Azdahak (3.597 meters), Aghdagh (3.576 meters), Vardenis (3.522 meters), etc. You may take this opportunity and take part in hiking tours up to these mountains. Such tours are usually very interesting, curious, and adventurous. You may familiarize with various spices of trees, plants, field flowers, and go deep into the wild.

Water Resources in Armenia

This landlocked country - Armenia, isn't rich with water resources. Armenia is far from the oceans; we don't have huge water areas; our territory doesn't include any sea. However, you may enjoy the view of our "Blue-eyed Beauty" - Lake Sevan. It is the largest water area in current Armenia. The Lake Sevan is well known as a place for ideal leisure. Here you may plan your rest on the beachside.

Lake Sevan

Although Sevan is the Largest lake, there are even more lakes in Armenia that are also very beautiful and surrounded by attractive nature. The more famous of these lakes are Arpi, Parz, black, Yerevan, Akna, etc.

Armenia is well known for its fast-flowing rivers. The biggest and most famous river is the Araks. It's among the longest rivers in the Caucasus with a length of 1.072 meters. Other well-known rivers are Akhuryan, Debed, Vorotan, Aghstev, Hrazdan, Arpa, and so on. Generally, rivers start from the mountains and flow downwards to the valleys and fields.

The Armenian area also covers many reservoirs in different regions. The water resources are mainly used for agricultural basis, supplying farmland with water. Nevertheless, a significant amount of water riches Armenia not above the ground but under. The Armenian area covers underground mineral waters of different chemical compositions.

Fauna of Armenia

Armenia has a diverse fauna. It includes various spices of animals, birds, fishes, etc. However, every natural zone is characterized by its unique fauna.

Fauna of Armenia

The area is a home for many rare animals and other natural creatures that are included in the Red Book of the Republic of Armenia. That's why there are four nature reserves in Armenia. 

Flora of Armenia

This mountainous country covers a very diverse flora. The main area is divided between the wooded area and the rocky and stony soil.

Flora of Armenia

The flora consists of 3.200 spices, including some 106 endemics.   

The Climate in Armenia

The temperature if Armenia largely depends on the elevation. Because of the high mountainous character, the dry continental climate is typical to Armenia. Here you may experience hot summers (the average temperature +25 C) and cold winters (-6 C).

Summer and Autumn are especially sunny, while there is a lot of snow in winter. As a rule, the highest point of the country - the peak of Aragats, is covered with snow all year long. However, the weather significantly differs in different regions.        

The Boundaries of Armenia

Armenia has borders with Georgia on the North, Iran on the South, Azerbaijan on the East, and Turkey on the West.   

The Boundaries of Armenia

Armenia is a country of variety. In a day, you may experience how geography may significantly change in the small area. This is Armenia!

Vera Mirzoyan

Published November 27, 2019
Article by Vera Mirzoyan

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