Yerevan

Yerevan

Yerevan is the capital of Armenia, also the administrative, cultural, economic and industrial center of the country. It has been the capital of Armenia since 1918. Yerevan is considered to be one the oldest cities in the world. It was founded by Argishti 1st in 782 BC. The birthplace of the city is Erebuni Fortress. You can find the ruins of the ancient city in Erebuni Museum.  The Legend says that when the Noah’s Ark landed on Mountain Ararat the first place that Noah saw was this land and he said: "Yerevats" ("it appeared!") and from that day the city was called Yerevan.

Yerevan is the cultural center of Armenia, the main universities, companies, the embassies of all countries, the office of UNO and other international companies are in Yerevan. It has a lot of museums and galleries that show the others the history of Armenia. The Republic Square is located in the heart of Yerevan and involves the National Gallery, the History Museum of Armenia and the "singing" fountains which combine music, water, and color. The square is framed with the buildings of the Government of RA, Marriott Hotel and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The square is designed by Alexander Tamanian who created a masterpiece and truly national work of art.

The Building of Matenadaran is the most popular one in our capital. The Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts also known as Matenadaran is a depository of ancient manuscripts and has one of the biggest collections of the manuscripts in Armenia. It was founded in 1959 and located in Yerevan.  The repository contains more than 17000 manuscripts, 450 thousand documents, and 3000 ancient books. The oldest manuscript is the “ Vehamor Avetaran” which was kept from the 8th century. Here you will see the biggest Armenian book “ Msho Charyntir” (weights 28 kg) and the smallest book (190g).

The other important place for Armenians is the Tsitsernakaberd’s monument. It is a monument dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide. Every year every Armenian lay the flowers for all the people who died during Armenian Genocide. It was built in 1967 in Yerevan. The Memorial Complex includes the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute which was opened in 1995.

In Yerevan, you can find many parks where you can go and just have a walk. One of them is Haghtanaki Aygi; which is dedicated to the honor of the victory in the Second World War and there is one of the impressive statues of the Armenian architecture, Mother Armenia. The other cultural and important park is located near to Opera building. The park was named after great Armenian painter Martiros Sarian, this park is like an open-air museum, here you can see a lot of artists and painters who present and sell their works and paintings.

In the pink city, you can find a lot of churches; every district has its own church. The Saint Gregory the Enlightener Cathedral is the largest Armenian Apostolic Church in Armenia. It is located in the Central part of Yerevan. The designer was famous architect Stepan Kurkchyan. Zoravar Surb Astvatsatsin is one of the oldest churches in Yerevan. It is located in the oldest part of the city which was called Shahar district. The tomb and the Chapel of Ananias were located. Once the chapel was a famous sanctuary.The church changed its name to Zoravar because in the 13th century it was home to a bible of Zoravor. In the nowadays Yerevan the church is located in Kentron district.  

Katoghike Holy Mother of God is a small medieval church located in Kentron District of Yerevan. On one of the walls of the church, there is a carved script that dates back to 1264. Many Khachkars were found in the church which dates back to the 15th and 17th centuries.This church was suffered from the 1679 earthquake; the new church was built of Armenian Tufa stones. Saint Sarkis Church is located on the left bank of Hrazdan River and it was built in Yerevan in 1842.  

Once it was huge complex surrounded by high gates and included three churches St Sarkis, St Gevorg and St Hakob. Saint Sarkis Church was the official seat of the Patriarch and the monastery was the patriarchal inn for the guests.  Unfortunately, the two churches were destroyed during 1679 Earthquake, remained only St Sarkis Church and nowadays, it is the seat of the of the Armenian Apostolic 

Yerevan is also famous for its theatres, cinemas and other cultural centers. The building of the Theatre of Opera and the Ballet decorates the center of the city. It is beautiful at night when the lights turn on and the city again shows us its real beauty. If you are in the capital of Armenia just enjoy this beautiful city and you can discover many things here in this little city.


Sights

History Museum of Armenia

The History Museum of Armenia was founded in 1919. It exhibits about 400,000 art crafts of the Armenian Highlands from the prehistoric times to the middle ages and our days.

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