Shirak Region

Shirak
Shirak

Area: 2,680 km2

Population: 251,941 (2011)


Shirak region is situated in the northwest of Armenia and borders on Georgia and Turkey. Shirak region is known for its mountains, healing high-mountain air, green valleys and mild climate. The Akhuryan River starts at Shirak. Here you can see a lot of types of Papavers and very rare types of Armenian flowers. You can see here the ancient monuments of Armenia because Shirak is also known for its ancient architecture.

Certainly, here you can be able to see the ruins of the oldest castles, bridges, monuments, and fortresses, which will give you unforgettable experiences. From the border, you can see the ruins of Ani "The City of 1001 Churches".

The Capital city of Shirak is Gyumri. It is located in the northwestern part of the region and the second largest city in Armenia. The city has changed its name for several times, in the 19 the century it was Alexandrapol, then it was renamed Leninakan during the Soviet period, at last in 1992 when Armenia became the independent country, has changed the name of the city and became Gyumri.

The international Shirak Airport is located in Shirak, which has regular flights to Moscow and  Saint Petersburg. In fact, the oldest and the largest railway junction is in Gyumri, which operates trips to Tbilisi, Batumi, and Yerevan.

Unfortunately, on December 8, 1988, the terrible earthquake destroyed the city, was killed 50,000 people and injured 130,000. The town was ruined. But after that horrible accident, the people stood up again and started to build the city again, that’s why they are the strongest people of Armenia.

 If you visit Shirak do not forget to go and see the House-Museums of great Armenian poets Avetik Isahakyan and Hovhaness Shiraz and great Armenian actor Mher Mkrtchyan. Gyumri is also known as the city of crafts and arts. Armenian composer Arman Tigranian presented to the public first in Gyumri(Alexndrapol).

In Gyumri there is the historic district where you can see the old part of the town, the buildings stand there from 18th and 19 the centuries. When you visit there remember the people of Shirak like to tell jokes, so be ready for it. So, do not miss your chance, go and visit this heroic region.

Gyumri

Gyumri

Gyumri is the capital of Shirak region and the second largest city of Armenia. It is located in the northwestern part of the region. This city has changed its name for several times, first it was Alexandrapol (in the 19 the century) then it was renamed Leninakan during the Soviet period, at last in 1992 it has changed the name of the city and called Gyumri.

The oldest streets but meanwhile new buildings decorate the city showing the greatness of Armenian architecture. The oldest and the largest railway junction is in Gyumri, which operates trips to Tbilisi, Batumi, and Yerevan.

The climate of Gyumri is mountainous and has mild summers and cold winters. The air is healthy and fresh. The city is still recovering from the damages of the terrible Spitak’s earthquake. It happened on December 7th in 1988. The earthquake destroyed the city; many people were killed and injured, losing their relatives and houses. But, even after that, the people of Gyumri stood up again and started to rebuild their lovely city. That’s why the people of Gyumri are considered to be the strongest ones in Armenia.

This city is also known as the country’s capital of humor. The people have a great sense of humor, they like to tell jokes and funny stories to others. The Armenian champions were born in Gyumri. The local people call the city "the champion of the whole world". Champions like Arthur Aleksanyan, Levon Julfalakyan, Yuri Vardanyan, Tigran Martirosyan showed the world the strength of Armenia and Gyumri.

The Architectural Museum of Gyumri is the most attractive and the most visited museum. It is the old house which has represents Gyumri’s history, local culture, and everyday life.This museum was the house of famous trader Petros Dzitoghtsyan and it was founded 1872. It was built by the famous red Tufa stone. Gyumri’s Museum of National Architecture and Urban Life was created in that house. It presents the proud history of the town and it is decorated with traditional Armenian rugs and other decoration.

 The father town of Armenia has many churches, sculptures, historical and cultural monuments. So the city is rich with places of interest. It is famous for galleries and house-galleries.

• The Merkurov’s house gallery will help you to know the history of nowadays Gyumri.

• Aslamazyan sister’s house gallery will show you the classic style of the city. There are about 700 drawings, canvas and other pieces of art

• The house gallery of Hovhannes Shiraz is worth to see. There you will be informed about the life and the activity of great Armenian poet  

• The other gallery that you should visit is the talented Mher Mkrtchyan’s house gallery

So if you have visited mother town of Armenia(Yerevan), you should also visit its father town.


City/town


Sights

The Architectural Museum of Gyumri

The Architectural Museum of Gyumri is the most attractive and the most visited museum in Gyumri. This museum is the old house which has represents Gyumri’s history, local culture, and everyday life.

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