Area: 2,308 km2
Population: 52,324 (2011)
Vayots Dzor is located in the southeastern part of Armenia. It is borders on Nakhichevan in the west and the Kalbajar District in the east. Vayots Dzor is surrounded by high mountains and mountain chains which make unique natural barriers for its neighbor areas. This region has rich flora and fauna.
This region has the least number of populations. The three important towns are Yeghegnadzor, Jermuk, and Vayk. Yeghegnadzor is the historic and the cultural center of Vayots Dzor. The people of this town are very conservative; they celebrate all the religious and traditional festivals. The most famous celebration in this town is the harvest festival.
Yeghegnadzor is situated in the southeastern part of Armenia and on the right bank of Arpa River. Yeghegnadzor is one of the oldest residences in Armenia. The first time the city’s name was mentioned in the 7th century. Once the city’s name was Mikoyan; in honor of Great Armenian politician Anastas Mikoyan.
The most popular place in this town is the Noravank Monastery (13-14th centuries). The monastery’s designer was Varpet Momik. This complex is situated on the northern side of a deep canyon. This complex is considered to be the best example of Armenian architecture. In 2002 Noravank complex was included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List. Zorats Saint Astvatsatsin and Smbataberd churches are other great places to visit and discover.
Here you can find many historical monuments like Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God, known as Surb Sarkis church. Moreover, here is the historic University of Gladzor. It was located in the village of Gladzor (13th and 14th Century).
The second important town in Vayots Dzor is Jermuk - the most famous and popular sanatorium in Armenia. It is surrounded by mountains and thick forests. Jermuk is rich with fresh and mineral water springs. There is also underground geyser which is used for bath and drinking. It cures various diseases and neurological disorders.
Near Jermuk, 3.5 km to the South, on the river ARPA is Kechut Reservoir, which is a favorite place for tourists. It was built in 1981. To regulate the level, the reservoir's water pours into Lake Sevan.
According to the calculations of 2011, only 52 324 people live in Vayots Dzor region. 99.74 % Armenians, 0.15% Russians, 0.04 % Ukrainians.
Yeghegnadzor is the administrative center of Vayots Dzor Region. It is situated in the southeastern part of Armenia and on the right bank of Arpa River, also left bank of the Srkghonk River. It is located 123 km south of the capital Yerevan, at a height of 1194 meters above sea level.
The name of the city consisted of two parts: "yegheg - եղեգ" means "cane", and "dzor - ձոր" means "valley", so the name means "valley of canes". It is one of the oldest residences of Armenia. The first time the city’s name was mentioned in the 5th century. It belonged to the Vayots Dzor canton of Syunik which was the 9th province of Great Armenia.
In the Middle Ages, the Silk Road passed through Vayots Dzor, where town Martuni and Yeghegnadzor linked. During the 10th and 13th centuries in the city were built many churches, monastic complexes, bridges and caravanserais, that time Yeghegnadzor was part of the Syunik Kingdom.
In 1747 the city became part of Nakhichevan Khanate and was known as Keshishkend. The name stayed so until 1935 when it was renamed Mikoyan which was named after Bolshevik leader, politician Anastas Mikoyan. On December 6, 1956, the town got his nowadays name.
Yeghegnadzor is the historical and the cultural center of Vayots Dzor. It is rich with historical monuments memorials, a public library, and an archaeological museum. The most popular place in this town is the Noravank Monastery (13-14th centuries). The monastery’s designer was Varpet Momik. The complex is situated on the northern side of a deep canyon and is considered to be the best example of Armenian architecture. In 2002 Noravank was included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Zorats Saint Astvatsatsin and Smbataberd churches are other great places to visit and discover. Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God or Saint Sarkis(12th century) serves the seat of the Vayots Dzor Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Aghavnadzor village is the birthplace of Armenian famous designer and architect Momik. Here, you will have the chance to see the winemaking process; which will give you unforgettable memories. Generally, the locals of Aghavnadzor are very hospitable people they will never let you free without tasting Armenian traditional dish. Varpet Momik’s other great work is the Spitakavor Church. Under this church is the grave of Armenian General Garegin Njdeh.
The people in Yeghegnadzor are conservative. They love to celebrate the religious and traditional festivals of Armenia, including. The most popular event is the harvest festival which takes place every year in October.
Noravank is a monastery complex which was built in the13th -14th centuries. It is located near Amaghu town, Vayots Dzor Region. According to Stepanos Orbelian, the church was a sanctuary. In the beginning of the 13th century, Noravank was the spiritual center of Syunik Region.Read More