Vanadzor is the capital of the Lori region. It is the third largest city in Armenia and the industrial, economic, educational and cultural center of Lori. In the past the city's name was Gharachilisa then it was Kirovakan, and now it is Vanadzor. It is located in the valley of the Pambak river, 1350 meters above sea level. Surrounded by the mountains of Bazum and Pambak. In the Southern and Eastern areas are covered with forests. The Northern and Western areas are covered with shrubs and plants. The climate of Vanadzor is characterized by cool summers and relatively mild winters.
The word Vanadzor is a combination of two words "Valley of Van", Van refers to the historic Armenian city of Van(now, in Turkey's area), and "dzor" means valley. The area of nowadays Vanadzor has been settled since the Bronze Age, the proof of it are the tombs and other historic remains found on the hills of Tagavoranist and Mashtots. The area was considered to be part of the Tashir of Gugark; which was the 13th province of the Kingdom of Armenia.
The third largest city was also damaged during Spitak's earthquake 1988; a lot of cultural, educational and other buildings have suffered from the earthquake. From 1990 the people started to recover the city, rebuild houses and apartments, sculptures and historical monuments.
Vanadzor is the cultural center of Lori; it has many churches, lovely parks and historical monuments that you should visit. The Vanadzor House of Culture named after Charles Aznavour is one of the largest cultural centers in Armenia. In 1934 was founded prominent art school which was named after Eduard Kzartmyan. The fine art museum has been working since 1974, where you can see the works of modern Armenian art. Nearly 2000 piece of art decorates the museum. The house-museum of writer Stepan Zoryan has been working since 1990. A lovely Hrant Matevosyan’s park is a great place to visit and a place where you can enjoy the look of the surrounding trees.
There is a nice manmade lake at the center of the city. The most beautiful church in the city is Surb Astvatsatsin - the ancient church with a unique architectural style. There is also a Russian church which was built by Armenians and Russians. The most popular place in Vanadzor is the Hayq’s square; the most important events of the city are being held here. So go and visit this beautiful green city, that will give you great memories.
Vanadzor also considers the resort center in northern Armenia due to its mild climate, clean air, and mineral springs. Many hotels and spa resorts are built in the city and the nearby countryside. The Armenia Vanadzor Spa and Hotel Complex is among the most popular resorts since Soviet times. The city is connected with other major cities of Armenia with a railway and a motorway.