Area: 11,458 km2
Population: 150,932 (2015)
Artsakh or Nagorno Karabakh is an independent state (de facto). It borders on Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan Republic. Artsakh has very difficult mountain relief. The capital city of Artsakh is Stepanakert. Artsakh is considered to be the second Armenian Republic. The name of Kharabakh means Black Garden. The Republic is mountainous; the climate is mild and humid. The 36 % of the country is covered by forests and here grows over 2000 kinds of plants.
The capital of Artsakh is Stepanakert; the largest city of Artsakh Republic. It is the cultural, educational, and economic center of Artsakh and the largest city of Artsakh Republic. Stepanakert city is the capital of Nagorno Karabakh or Artsakh, as well as the cultural administrate, and economic center of Karabakh. It is located on the eastern slope of Kharabakh mountain chain and at the left bank of Vararakn River. The population of Stepanakert is 54,000. In 1992 the city’s name was renamed, in honor politician Stepan Shahumian(a leader of the Russian revolution).
Stepanakert was founded as a residence, at the beginning of the 19th century; in the same area of Vararakn town (it is still located, at the same place). The first plan of the city was designed by the architect Aleksandr Tamanian. Now, The Stepanakert is a modern city with new buildings. The main historical monument in Stepanakert is " We are our mountains" or also known as the statue of Grandfather and Grandmօther (in Armenian Tatik and Papik). This statue was built in 1967, The only church in the area of Stepanakert is Saint Hakob church which is located in the Hekimian district. The church was founded in 2005 and already in 2007 the construction of the church was finished. The founder of this church was American- Armenian Nerses Yepremian. The church was named after the memory of Nerses’s son, Hakob Yepremian.
The cultural center of Artsakh is Shushi; the heroic city with great heroic history. Shushi is "a museum in an open sky"; here is the Surb Hovhannes Mkrtich Church; which is another great monument. Shushi is a very beautiful city. Ghazanchetsots Cathedral is located in Shushi town which was built in 1868-1887. This cathedral is considered to be the second most important spiritual center in Artsakh. The church was built by the local residents; the architect was Simon Ter- Hakobyan. The consecration of the church took place on September 20, in 1888.
Ghazanchetsots is one of the largest churches in Armenian architecture. The first time the cathedral motioned in the book of Mesrop Takhidyan “Journey to Armenia” (1820). Shahen Mktrhcyan proved that the in the place of the cathedral was another church (18th century) because the courtyard was build earlier than a church. During the construction of the church, while cleaning the floor, the people found an important inscription which said that the church was built by Armenian master and architect.
There are also great churches like Dadivank, Gandzasar, Amaras and Surb Hakob Church. Gandzasar monastery complex is located in Vank town, the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh. The monastery was built in the 10th-13th centuries. The church was named after the hill located in front of the monastery. That hill is famous for its silver and other metals mines.
The first reference to this church did Catholicos Anania Mokatsi in the 10th century. According to Anania Mokatsi, the church Saint Hovhannes Mkrtich was built in 1216-1238 by the Duke of the Artsakh Hasan-Jalal and already on September 22, 1240, the church was officially consecrated. In the 18th century, Gandzasar was liberation movement center till 1815.
Gandzasar monastery complex is surrounded by high walls and includes Saint Hovhannes Mkrtich Church, courtyard, barriers, residential cells, refectory and two-storey building o a school. In the southern part of the monastery is an ancient cemetery. Some artist claims that the church must be classified in the list of masterpieces of Armenian architecture. In this church was buried Hovhannes Mkrtich. The courtyard was founded Hasan and his wife, in 1261.
The historical Dadivank is one of the beautiful churches of Artsakh, it was built in 9th-13th centuries. The church is located on the slope of Dadivan Mountain near Dadivank town in Nagorno Karabakh. The church was called also Khutavank because it was built on the hill (Khut Armenian word for hill). According to the legend, the church was founded by the follower of Christ’s Apostles called Dadi, in the 1st century. In historical references, the church first mentions in the 1st century. Mkhitar Gosh mentioned the church in the 12th century. Unfortunately, in that century the church was attacked by invaders and destroyed. The reconstruction of the church had started in the second half of the 12th century and finished in the 13th century.
If you want to see this marvelous place full of high mountains, thick forests and deep canyons you can come here easily from Armenia. This place has become a touristic spot in the recent years.
Stepanakert city is the capital of Nagorno Karabakh or Artsakh, as well as the cultural administrative, and economic center of Karabakh. It is located on Artsakh plateau, right at the center of the Republic of Artsakh, and at an average height of 813 meters above sea level. The population of Stepanakert is 54,000.
In 1992 the city’s name was renamed, in honor politician Stepan Shahumian(a leader of the Russian revolution). Stepanakert was founded as a residence, at the beginning of the 19th century; in the same area of Vararakn town (it is still located, at the same place). The first plan of the city was designed by the architect Aleksandr Tamanian.
One of the important sightseeing places in Stepanakert is the memorial-monument called “Tatik and Papik” (Grandmother and Grandfather in Armenian) or “We are our mountains” (1967).
It is a large and unique monument symbolizing the vigor and willingness of the locals, comparing them with Artsakh’s mountains. It is considered to be the symbol of the historic Artsakh.
The Artsakh State Museum is located in Stepanakert which has an important collection of ancient artifacts and Christian manuscripts. Stepanakert's the National Gallery was opened in 1982, and Artsakh History Museum opened in 1939. The Memorial Museum of the Martyred Liberators opened in 2002
The Mesrop Mashtots Republican Library was founded in 1924. Many cultural and youth centers were reopened after the independence of Armenia. The cultural palace of the city was named after Charles Aznavour, a worldwide famous Armenian singer. The Vahram Papazyan Drama Theater of Stepanakert was founded in 1932 and in the area of a destroyed church, Saint Gevorg. The city was founded in the end of the 19th century but was destroyed by the Soviet Union.
The only church in the area of Stepanakert is Saint Hakob church which is located in the Hekimian district. It was founded in 2005 and already in 2007, the construction of the church was finished. The founder of Saint Hakob church was American- Armenian Nerses Yepremian. It was named after the memory of Nerses’s son, Hakob Yepremian.
Gandzasar monastery complex is located in Vank town, the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh. The monastery was built in the 10th-13th centuries.Read More