Area: 11,458 km2
Population: 150,932 (2015)
Artsakh or Nagorno Karabakh is an independent state (de facto). Artsakh is considered to be the second Armenian Republic which borders on Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan Republic. The name of Kharabakh means Black Garden. The capital of Artsakh is Stepanakert; the largest city of Artsakh Republic. It is the cultural, educational, and economic center of Artsakh and the largest city of Artsakh Republic.
It is located on the eastern slope of Kharabakh mountain chain and at the left bank of Vararakn River. The population of Stepanakert is 54,000. In 1992 the city’s name was renamed, in honor politician Stepan Shahumian(a leader of the Russian revolution). Stepanakert is a modern city with new buildings.
The main historical monument in Stepanakert is " We are our mountains" or also known as the statue of Grandfather and Grandmօther (in Armenian Tatik and Papik). This statue was built in 1967 made by Armavir tuff. The author of the monument is Sargis Baghdasarian. The monument presents an elderly couple in folk clothes. “We and our mountains” are depicted on the coat of arms of Nagorno Karabakh.
The only church in the area of Stepanakert is Saint Hakob church which is located in the Hekimian district. The church was founded in 2005 and already in 2007 the construction of the church was finished. The founder of this church was American- Armenian Nerses Yepremian. The church was named after the memory of Nurses' son, Hakob Yepremian.
The cultural center of Artsakh is Shushi; the heroic city with great heroic history. Shushi is "a museum in an open sky".Here is the Surb Hovhannes Mkrtich Church; which is another great monument. Ghazanchetsots Cathedral is located in Shushi town which was built in 1868-1887.
This cathedral is considered to be the second most important spiritual center in Artsakh. The church was built by the local residents; the architect was Simon Ter- Hakobyan. The consecration of the church took place on September 20, in 1888. The architectural complex consists of a Church (1868-1887) and a bell tower (1858).
There are also great churches like Dadivank, Gandzasar, Amaras and Surb Hakob Church. Gandzasar monastery complex is located in Vank town, the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh. The monastery was built in the 10th-13th centuries. The church was named after the hill located in front of the monastery. That hill is famous for its silver and other metals mines.
Gandzasar monastery complex is surrounded by high walls and includes Saint Hovhannes Mkrtich Church, courtyard, barriers, residential cells, refectory and two-storey building o a school. In the southern part of the monastery is an ancient cemetery.
Some artist claims that the church must be classified in the list of masterpieces of Armenian architecture. According to Anania Mokatsi, the church Saint Hovhannes Mkrtich was built in 1216-1238 by the Duke of the Artsakh Hasan-Jalal and already on September 22, 1240, the church was officially consecrated.
In this church was buried Hovhannes Mkrtich.
The historical Dadivank is one of the beautiful churches of Artsakh, it was built in 9th-13th centuries. The church was called also Khutavank because it was built on the hill (Khut Armenian word for hill). According to the legend, the church was founded by the follower of Christ’s Apostles called Dadi, in the 1st century.
In historical references, the church first mentioned in the 1st century. Mkhitar Gosh mentioned the church in the 12th century. Unfortunately, in that time the church was attacked by invaders and destroyed. The reconstruction of the church had started in the second half of the 12th century and finished in the 13th century.
If you want to see this marvelous place full of high mountains, thick forests and deep canyons you can come here easily from Armenia. This place has become a touristic spot in recent years.
Artsakh has a very difficult mountainous terrain. The Republic is mountainous; the climate is mild and humid, and in a large area is dry. The average annual temperature is +10.5° C. The hottest months are July and August, the average temperature is +21.5° C.
The average temperature of the coldest months (January-February) is about 0° C. 36% of the country is covered with forests and there are more than 2000 species of plants. It is very beautiful here, so if you want to be in Paradise, you will be in Artsakh.
According to the calculations of 2015, 150 932 people live in Artsakh, more than 99 % of them are Armenians.There also live Russians, Greeks, Ukrainians and about 0.1 % of representatives are from other nationalities.
Stepanakert city is the capital of Nagorno Karabakh or Artsakh, as well as the cultural administrative, and economic center of Karabakh. It is located on Artsakh plateau, right at the center of the Republic of Artsakh, and at an average height of 813 meters above sea level. The population of Stepanakert is 54,000.
In 1992 the city’s name was renamed, in honor politician Stepan Shahumian(a leader of the Russian revolution). Stepanakert was founded as a residence, at the beginning of the 19th century. In the same area of Vararakn town (it is still located, at the same place). The first plan of the city was designed by the architect Aleksandr Tamanian.
One of the important sightseeing places in Stepanakert is the memorial-monument called “Tatik and Papik” (Grandmother and Grandfather in Armenian) or “We are our mountains” (1967).
It is a large and unique monument symbolizing the vigor and willingness of the locals, comparing them with Artsakh’s mountains. It is considered to be the symbol of the historic Artsakh.
The Artsakh State Museum is located in Stepanakert which has an important collection of ancient artifacts and Christian manuscripts. The Stepanakert's National Gallery was opened in 1982, and Artsakh History Museum opened in 1939. The Memorial Museum of the Martyred Liberators opened in 2002
The Mesrop Mashtots Republican Library was founded in 1924. Many cultural and youth centers were reopened after the independence of Armenia. The cultural palace of the city was named after Charles Aznavour, a worldwide famous Armenian singer. The Vahram Papazyan Drama Theater of Stepanakert was founded in 1932 and in the area of a destroyed church, Saint Gevorg. The city was founded at the end of the 19th century but was destroyed by the Soviet Union.
The only church in the area of Stepanakert is Saint Hakob church which is located in the Hekimian district. It was founded in 2005 and already in 2007, the construction of the church was finished. The founder of Saint Hakob church was American- Armenian Nerses Yepremian. It was named after the memory of Nerses’s son, Hakob Yepremian.
Gandzasar monastery complex is located in Vank town, the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh. The monastery was built in the 10th-13th centuries.Read More