Jermuk town is located in southern Armenia, in Vayots Dzor Region and considered to be one of the main spa and resort towns in Armenia since the Soviet Union period. It is situated 53 km east of the administrative center of Yeghegnadzor and 170 km south-east of Yerevan,2080 meters above sea level.
Jermuk is within the mountains of Vayots Dzor, among thick forests, on a plateau which is divided into two parts by the canyon of Arpa River.Its name itself is derived from this fact, as the word, "jermuk" means "geyser" in the Armenian language.
The attractive for fresh air, waterfalls, artificial lakes, walking trails, the surrounding forests and mineral water pools are making the town one of the best in Armenia. It is also famous for its hot springs and mineral water "Jermuk" brands bottled in the town.
Besides that, the city is the major chess center where numerous chess international tournaments scheduled in the town. The surrounding mountains range between having a height of 2500 and 3500 meters, covered with forests and alpine meadows. The forests are rich with oak and hornbeam trees, wild pear, plum and juniper plants. Animals like foxes, rabbits, badgers, and bears can be found in the forests.
Jermuk's are was considered to be a part of the Vayots Dzor canton of the Syunik Region. The first time the town's name was mentioned in the 13th century by famous Armenian historian Stepanos Orbelian in his book of "Sisakan Region's history". In the area of the modern-day city was found the remains of an ancient cyclopean fortress and the ruins of an 8th-century basilica which proves that the city has been settled before the 13th century.
This town is rich with mineral springs, also underground geyser which is used for bath and drinking. It cures various diseases and neurological disorders. One of the most beautiful places in this town is Jermuk waterfall which has 72-meter height and flows into Arpa river. The waterfall has a fascinating and marvelous look reminding the hair of a girl. The locals call the waterfall "Mermaids hair".
According to the legend, the castle of the powerful King located on the cliffs. The king had a beautiful girl. From different parts of the world, many noblemen came here to marry her but the girl rejected everyone because she had a lover who was a simple but brave man. Every night, from her window a girl threw a long rope so that her man could climb the cliffs to see her. Once her father saw them together and curse her daughter saying that "If you meet him again, you will become a mermaid and could never get out of the water". But the love of the young people was strong than the curse. The girl threw her hair instead of the rope when her father's curse happened and she became a mermaid, her hair turned into a beautiful waterfall.
Near Jermuk there is a Kechut Reservoir which is the favorite place for tourists. This reservoir has a unique style of a flower and the total volume is 23 million cubic meters which was built in 1981. The next thing to do here is visiting the Ropeway; where you will see the whole beauty of Jermuk city.
Jermuk is the main resort town of Armenia. There are lots of hotels and sanatoriums in the city. Jermuk Ashkarh is one of the best hotels. It was built in 1975. Due to 30 years of working practice and experience, this sanatorium remains one of the best centers among sanatoriums of Jermuk. The staff members are highly-qualified professionals, so it guarantees the perfect treatment of each person.
One of the best Sanatoriums in Jermuk is the “Olympia”. It is an international class medical center for 50 years. “Olympia” was founded in 1953 and includes the hotel, restaurant, and the medical center. The medical center is equipped with the latest equipment cabinets of medical procedures. Medical stuff periodically runs advanced training courses.
The interior of the sanatorium and restaurant are designed with classical style, matches to all international health standards. The hotel includes bar, billiards, beauty salon, Conference Hall, Children room, fitness hall, library, lounge bar and sauna. The sanatorium includes high mountainous climate, medical physical culture, special food order, special treatment and physiotherapy, thermal mineral waters of Chemical Consistency․