The Armenian Genocide Memorial Complex or Tsitstsernakaberd monument is one of the famous buildings in Armenia. It is located in the western part of Yerevan on a hill, the architect is Arthur Tarkhanyan.
The memorial was built in 1968. It consists of three main parts: "Eternal Cathedral", columns "Reviving Armenia" and Walls of memory. The eternal Cathedral consists of 12 round stone slabs curved inwards. In its center at a depth of 1.5 meters burns eternal flame. There are several versions associated with the number 12. The first is 12 provinces, where the massacre took place, the 2nd is the apostles, the 3rd is the vilayets, which according to the Treaty of Sevres were to be transferred to Armenia. But according to architect Sashur Kalashyan, the number 12 is the result of solving an aesthetic problem.
The memorial complex also includes the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, it opened in 1995. Tsitsernakaberd is an important place for every Armenian. This place is very important for all the Armenians because every year on the Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day (April 24) all Armenians gather at the memorial to commemorate the victims of the genocide. Everyone put flowers around the eternal fire for all the people who died in the Armenian Genocide.
The Museum is located next to the Memorial complex and has 2 floors. On the second floor, there is an exhibition hall; on the first floor, there is a library, a document archive, a conference hall, and a research center. Here the guest can see the documents, photos and personal belongings of the victims. In May 2014, Forbes magazine included the Armenian genocide Museum in the list of 9 memorial museums that everyone should visit.