The Armenian music originated in the 2nd millennium BC. The first time it was mentioned in the works of the Armenian historians Movses Khorenatsi and Pavstos Buzand. According to Khorenatsi, the Armenians had a “Pandir” musical tool. Buzand mentioned in his works that Armenians had already pipe, lyre, trumpet, and drums.
In ancient manuscripts were kept songs about Ara Gexhetsik and Shamiram (pre-Christian period). According to historian Agatangheghos that already in the 4th century Armenians taught music in schools. After the creation of the Armenian Alphabet, the Armenian music started to develop and Mesrop created spiritual songs. In the 5th century were originated psalms which were widely used in church ceremonies.
In the 16th century appeared a new type of music, the artist of which were called minstrels. They were national singer-poets who played a big role in a history of the Armenian music. The famous minstrels were worldwide famous Sayat-Nova. Naghash Hovnatan, Jivani, Sheram and Havasi.
The classical music appeared in Armenia in the 19th century (1813-1815), which founder was Hambardzum Limonchian. The Armenian first opera was created by Tigran Chukhachian (1868), called “Arshak 2nd”. In that period developed a new culture of music in national-liberation ideas.
In 1880’s professional composers start to gather and develop ancient Armenian songs. They were Makar Yekmalian, Nikoghaios Tirgranian. The most important historical figure in Armenian history Komitas began his career at that time and changed the history of music Art. He was a teacher who left huge cultural heredity that is still being used in nowadays Armenian music.
A new page of our music history opened Aleksandr Spendarian who founded orchestral music in Armenia. A famous composer Armen Tigranian performed “Anoush” performance (1912) in the Armenian Language. In 1930 was performed the second famous opera by Aleksandr Spenidarian called “Almast” (means diamond). One of the most famous composers of that time was Aram Khachaturian. His compositions were used in different performances and movies.
The Armenian national dances were developed in a pre-Christian period. They were the inseparable part of ritual ceremonies. Then, they lost their importance and were used only for weddings and events. According to Armenian historians, Goght province was famous for his musicians and dancers who played “pandir” and danced. The Armenian National dances include group, solo, couple and round dances.
There are many types of the dances, but the most widespread are