“Culture is social heredity, which is transmitted from one generation to another with the accumulation of individual experiences” Ralph Linton. The Armenians are one of the oldest nations in the world and certainly, have rich cultural heredity gained from ancestors.They always appreciated the art; even in ancient centuries, they knew how to create beautiful monuments and how to decorate them.
The branches of Armenian Art are
- Theatre and Cinema
- Music and Dance
- Fine Arts
The Armenian Theatre is considered to be one of the oldest theatres in the world․ It was originated in the 1st millennium BC and the first Armenian professional theatre was originated in the Hellenic period and the first performances were in tragedy and comedy. According to the Historian Plutarch, Tigran the Great (Mets) built an amphitheater in Hellenic Style, in the capital Tigranakert, in 69 BC.
In ancient theatre was developed pantomime and the most famous actress of pantomime was Nazenik (2nd century). In the 2nd-3rd centuries, the Armenians already played in Armenian and Greek performances.
In the medieval period was developed the Armenian theatre of the Cilicia Kingdom which became one of the centers of our culture. In the 19th century, in the Armenian performances were added Russian performances and Shakespeare’s novels.
Nowadays in Yerevan are a lot of theatres where are being performed different kind of performances. The Armenian theatre has its branched in Diaspora, especially in Lebanon called “Papazian Theatre”, Syria “Adamian Theatre” Los Angeles “Mher Mkrtchian”, “Vardan Achemian” Theatres and in New York “Hamazgain theatre” and many others.