The Armenians fought through centuries and decades, millions of heroes died for the independence of Armenia. Amongst the brave Armenian soldiers, were brave Armenian women who struggled equally. The Mother Armenia Memorial Complex opened in Victory Park, in 1950. The author was famous architect Rafael Israelyan. The statue has Armenian three-nave Basilica church shape and has a height of 52 meters.
The monument’s architectural and sculptural parts are in a harmony with the meaning of the symbol. It was built by black Tufa stone. In the statue is a woman holding a sword in her hand. The memorial complex was planned to be Armenian Church. Inside the statue is a military museum.
In 1970 in the monument opened the museum and it has two main exhibitions. The first exhibition is “Armenia in the Great Patriotic War in 1941-1945” and the second is “Artsakh Liberation War in 1988-1994”.
On the first floor are the pictures Armenians who took part in the World War II. You will be able to see 6 Armenian National Divisions and the heroic activity of well-known Armenian Marshals like Hovhannes Baghramian, Hovhannes Isakov, Hamazasp Babajanyan, and Armenak Khamperyants. Also, you will see the portraits of heroes of the Soviet Union and on the walls of the black granite, Memorial Hall is written the names of Heroes of the Soviet Union.
The next exhibition is devoted to Artsakh Liberation Movement; here you will see the National Heroes of Armenia and Artsakh. The second floor is the Hall of Celebration, you will see the Grave of Unknown Soldier which is devoted to those soldiers who were killed and lost at the battles. The Mother Armenia statue symbolizes peace through strength. It shows that not only men but also women struggled for the independence of Armenia.