Haghpat, Lori Region,Republic of Armenia
Haghpat is medieval monastery complex located in Haghpat town Lori Region. It was built in 10th century. In 10th-13th centuries Haghpat was eminent spiritual and cultural center of Armenia. Once this monastery was famous in its library and school where the pupils were taught philosophy, rhetoric, music and how to illustrate manuscripts.
It is one of the largest and impressive monastery complexes in Armenia, where you can see the most characteristic features of medieval Armenian Architecture. The monastery includes Saint Nshan, Saint Grigor and Saint Astvatsatsin churches, courtyard, repository, bell tower, table-house, chapel tombs and many Khachkars(cross-stones). The complex was surrounded by high barriers for protecting from enemy’s attacks. In that area were created defense bases, shelters, and other buildings.
The oldest and the main church of Haghpat monastery is Saint Nshan which was built by Ashot 3rd Voghormats and his wife Khosrovanuys, in 976- 991. The outside of the church has a rectangle shape, the inside part is domed and cross-shaped. The prayer hall is covered with beautiful frescoes.The Saint Grigor Church was built in 1025. It also has a rectangle shape from the outside and cross-shaped layout.
Another church of the Monastery is the Saint Astvatsatsin which was built in the 13th century. It is located on the northern side of Saint Grigor and has small domed church structure. In the northwestern part of the monastery’s barriers, you will see the chapel-tomb of Ukanants dynasty. In 1996 the Haghpat Monastery was added to the UNESCO’s World Heritage List.