Gavar city is the capital of the Gegharkunik region. It is located among Geghama Mountains and in the west of Lake Sevan. The town was known as Nor Bayezet or Novo-Bayazet until 1959, it was named after the Western Armenian town of Bayazet. Between 1959 and 1995, the town was known as Kamo, named after the Bolshevik revolutionary Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrosian). The town was renamed Gavar in 1995, which means a county in the Armenian language. The city is also known as Kyavar since the 19th century.
Gavar was founded as Novo-Bayazet (New Bayazit) in 1830 around 8 km west of the Lake Sevan, by the Armenian migrants from the town of Bayazit of the Ottoman Empire. The area of the modern-day city has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. Many historical tombstones that date back to the 2nd millennium BC were found in here. The remains of a cyclopean fort dating back to the early Iron Age, are found on a hill at the center of the town.
It is believed that the fortress was the royal capital of the Velikukhi region within the Urartu kingdom. It was surrounded by more than 22 minor fortifications. The region of Velikukhi was conquered by the Urartian king Sarduri II. His son, Rusa II renamed the fortress in honor of Khaldi; one of the three chief deities of Ararat.The Artsvakar neighborhood of the city, is also home to another Iron Age fortress, dating back to the 2nd millennium BC. In this city, you can see many other monasteries, Khachkars (cross-stones) and other historical monuments.
Gavar has a history museum, a cultural palace, a drama theatre, many public libraries and monument dedicated to the victims of the Great Patriotic War during World War II. The town has an educational teaching center (1923), school of music (1945), the palace of culture (1970), school of art (1982), public library (2002), and a special school of duduk named after Gevorg Dabaghyan (2010).
This city is also famous for its tasty food called Kyavari Kyufta. If you are in this little city you should try a delicious food. In the city you can find the takeaway restaurant; there you can find the traditional dishes from just the city. Here you can taste really tasty bread which is made of red corn.
Gavar's residents make a very sweet Armenian "Gata" and "Pakhlava" and considered to be the traditional cakes of this city. And the most popular fish dish is made in this city; it is the Armenian "Ishkhan" Fish. They say the tastiest fish is made here. So if you want to taste these tasteful things you should come and try without any doubt.