Artik

Artik

Artik is located in the north-western part of Armenia and on the north-western slope of Aragats Mountain within the Shirak Plain, at a height of 1,859 meters above sea level. It is 27 km away southeast of Gyumri. and 67 km far away from the capital Yerevan.

It is considered to be one of the oldest residences in Armenia. This town has mountainous relief and surrounded by the beautiful mountainous view. Artik is rich with mineral springs coming from the canyons or under the grounds.

They say the springs have a healing effect, that’s why the locals take care of them and decorate the springs with beautiful khachkars. The excavations prove that the town was a residence still from 14th BC.

According to archaeological excavations in the territory of the modern-day city, it was revealed that the area has been settled since the 14th century BC. The revealed cemeteries were found under the layers of tufa which date back to the Late Bronze Age in Artik. Another historical church in Artik is the Saint Gevorg Church which date back to the 7th century. 

The most popular place is the Saint Astvatsatsin church (4th and 5th century) which is a unique architectural sample of Armenian history. The other ancient church is Saint Stepanos (Saint Lmbatavank) which was built still in the 7th century; it was reconstructed in 1955-56. Once, this church was the best cross-dome church in Armenia. On the walls of the church are early medieval frescoes.

According to an inscription, the town was known as "Hartik" during the Middle Ages. Later it was known as Ardik or Artik. According to locals, the name consists of 2 parts: Ar derived from Mount Aragats, and tik meaning leaning in Armenian. Thus, the name Artik means leaning on Aragats.

Artik is famous for its tufa stones, mainly the pink and rosy colored tufa. It is the main center of tufa production in Armenia.  In the city has been working a cultural palace named after composer Tigran Mansurian, 2 schools of arts, a music school, as well as a public library. There is also a  memorial dedicated to the Great Patriotic War (World War II) at the Liberty Square at the center of the town.

The city has a humid continental climate, characterized with mildly cool summers and extremely cold and snowy winters.