Armenian National Flag

Armenian National Flag

September 28, 2018

Armenian National Flag

Armenian national flag in other words Armenian Tricolour has three horizontal bands. These bands have equal width. The colors from top to bottom are red, blue, orange.

The flag was designed by Stepan Malkhasyants. He was an Armenian academician, philologist, linguist, and lexicographer. He translated many works of Armenian classical historians. The flag designed by Malkhasyants was adopted by the Armenian Supreme Soviet on 24 August 1990.

Armenian National Flag

They chose colors from the Lusignan period which were red, blue and yellow. Soon yellow was replaced by orange as it better merged with the other two colors. The orange color is often called the color of apricot in Armenian, which is one of the most popular fruits in Armenia.

During Soviet times Armenia had various flags as a part of the USSR.

Flag of Soviet Armenia

In the beginning, the ratio of the flag was 2:3. Later, it was changed to 1:2. The other prototype that was rejected was the rainbow flag. This prototype is saved in Yerevan in the House Museum of Martiros Saryan.  

Rainbow flag

During different periods of time, Armenia had various flags. For instance, each Armenian dynasty had a flag with a symbolizing animal. It could be a tiger, eagle, dragon or any other animal. For example, the flag of the Artaxiad Dynasty was two eagles separated by a flower gazing at each other. The background of the flag was red.  

Flag of the Artaxiad Dynasty

The colors of the flag have different explanations. According to one of the explanations the red is the symbol of the blood of 1.5 million victims of Armenian Genocide, blue represents pure Armenian sky, and the orange is the courage of the country.

In the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, it is stated that the red color symbolizes the Armenian Highland and the struggle of Armenian people who tried to survive during harsh times, their Christian faith, the freedom, and independence. The blue stands for the will of Armenians to live in peace beneath peaceful skies. The orange color is the symbol of the creative talents and hard-working nature of Armenians.

In the national anthem of Armenia called “Mer Hayrenik” (Our fatherland), there is a part where the national flag is mentioned. 

Here is, brother, for you a flag,
That I made with my hands.
Nights I didn't sleep,
With tears, I washed it.

Look at it, the three colors
Which are our gifted
symbol.
Let it be bright against the enemy.
Let Armenia always be glorious.

Flag of Artsakh

The Republic of Artsakh adopted its flag on June 2, 1992. It looks like the flag of Armenia with one different- a white pattern.  A white, five-toothed, stepped carpet pattern begins at the two verges of the cloth's right side and connects at a point equal to one-third of the distance from that side.

Flag of Artsakh

The reason for adding the pattern is to emphasize the separation of Artsakh from Armenia and its goal of reunion with it. In the flag, Artsakh is presented as a separate region of Armenia. The ratio of the flag is 1:2. 

Published September 30, 2018

Article by Narine Kharatyan

You may also be interested in