Tumanyan is located in the Lori Region, 149 km north of the capital Yerevan, and 38 km north of the administrative center Vanadzor. The city is situated on a plateau on the right bank of Debed river, at a height of 810 meters above sea level.
The city has a subtropical climate with hot summers and mildly cold winters. The villages Kober kayaran, Shamut, Lorut, Ahnidzor, Atan, Marts, and Karinj are included in the area of the city. The former name of the city was Dzaghidzor, but in 1951 it was renamed in honor of the Great Armenian poet Hovhannes Tumanyan. That's why the statue of Great Poet is located in the northwestern part of the city.
The modern-day Tumanyan's territory was a part of Dzorapor canton of Gugark region which was the 13th province of Great Armenia. In 1926 was founded Dzaghidzor village, on the right bank of Debed river, in 1934 in the north of village were found refractory metal mines. In 1947, the town has got the status of an urban-type settlement and already in 1951 renamed Tumanyan. During the 1950s was opened Kober railway station on the left bank of Debed river.
In the northern part of the city is located Monastery Kobayr dating back to the 12th century. The monastery was built on the edge of the deep gorge by Kyurikid princes in 1171. Near the church is the tomb of the Prince Shahnshah Zakarian, son of Ivane Zakarian. In the middle of the complex is a bell tower which was built 1279 and also includes the tombs of Mkhargryel Zakarian and his wife Vaneni. In the area of the church are also found many khachkars (cross-stones) which date back to the 9th, 13th and 14th centuries.
Tumanyan is home to a ruined fortress known as Avanakar dating back to the 14th century and it is located in the southern part of the town. The city has a cultural palace a public library, an ethnographic museum and an art academy. The locals are involved in agriculture and cattle-breeding. Many small industrial plants, such as food-processing, dairy products, garments and building materials production are also found in the area of the city.
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