Shamlugh is located in Lori Region in the northeast of Armenia. It is situated on the left bank of Debed River, 196 km north of the capital Yerevan and 63 km north of the administrative center Vanadzor.
The settlement of Shamlugh had the names Shamlug, Samblud, Shamblugh. The area of the modern-day village was part of the Dzobopor canton of ancient Gugark which was the 13th province of Great Armenia.
Shamlugh town is located in the northeastern part of Armenia, on the slopes of Lalvar Mountain, and surrounded by mountains and forests. This town was once the multinational residence, here lived 16 different nations.
Shamlugh became part of the Alaverdi raion as a rural settlement. In 1938, Shamlugh got a status of an urban-type settlement. In 1969, the Alaverdi raion was renamed Tumanyan.
Under the rule of the Persian Afsharid dynasty over Eastern Armenia, copper mining became popular in the region of Lori, during the second half of the 18th century. Many Greek miners from Gyumushkhane migrated to the area and built a copper factory in 1770. In 2001, the Shamlugh copper mine was brought back into operation by a local private company.
In Bughakar district there is a spring called "Ttu jur" which means Acid Water. Due to a humid climate, the town has lush greenery. The locals are always happy to welcome the guests from everywhere; they call Shamlugh a paradise placed between the mountains. There are ruined monuments and a little chapel in one of the districts of Shamlugh.
In the area of the village is a cemetery which dates back to the 10th century with 13th-century khachkar (cross-stone) complex. According to historian Yeghishe Sahakyan, this site is probably associated with the medieval Armenian settlement of Manits Gom, which is dating back to the 10-13th centuries. There are also the remains of three churches. A Greek chapel is dedicated to Saint George and was opened in 1909, renovated in the 1970s. The city has a cultural center and a public library.
The economy of the village is based on the mining plant owned by the Metal Prince Armenian mining company. Nearly 10% of the population work in the copper plant. The locals are also involved in agriculture and cattle-breeding activities.