Metsamor

Metsamor

Metsamor is one of the towns in the Armavir Region of Armenia. It is located at the west of central Armenia in the Ararat Plain, 35 km west of the capital Yerevan and 6 km east of the provincial center Armavir. 

The city is at an average height of 855 meters above sea level. The nuclear power plant is located around 4 km north of the residential area of the town. Armenia's Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant which is the only in the Transcaucasian region is located in this city. Metsamor has a population of around 8,000.

The town was named after the nearby river of Metsamor. The word is composed of 2 Armenian words "mets-մեծ"  means big, and "mor- մոր" means mother's. The name relates to the Virgin Mary as the Great Mother of God. The construction of the settlement of Metsamor was finished in 1969.

It was founded for the settlement of the employees of the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant. In 1972 got the status of an urban settlement. The city's designer was Martin Mikayelyan, who was the main architect. Other architects were G. Hovsepyan and K.Tiraturyan. After the sever Spitak's earthquake it was temporarily closed in 1989.  Nowadays, the Metsamor plant generates 40% of Armenia's energy needs.

This city is considered to be one of the oldest residences in Armenia. Metsamor's historical-archeological Museum-Reserve is one of the greatest cultural monuments which was opened in 1968. The samples of excavation date back to Bronze and Iron Ages.The scholars have found that Metsamor was a huge residence, and had a fortress surrounded by cyclopean gates, also had the observatory. 

In the area of the city is located the ancient archaeological building, near the village of Taronik. The ancient monument dates back  5th millennium BC until the 18th century AD, based on excavations in 1965. Neolithic stone circles date back to  5000 BC. One of the historical buildings in Metsamor is Saint Ghazar Church which has a very beautiful look. The city includes the central park, the cultural house, the post office and other buildings.