Abovyan

Abovyan

The Abovyan city is located in Kotayk region. This is an important city for Yerevan; it connects our capital with the northern part of the country.  Abovyan has railway station from Yerevan to Sevan. This city is called "The Northern Gate". The present-day Abovyan was occupied by a small village known as Elar. In 1961, the village was renamed Abovyan in honor of the Armenian prominent writer Khachatur Abovian. In 1963, the city was officially founded as an urban settlement.

During the excavations of 1960 led by historian Mesrop Smbatiants, the remains of a 2nd-millennium BC Cyclopean fortress, an ancient cemetery and old shelters with several objects that represent the 3 stages of the Bronze Age were found in the area of Abovyan.The excavations revealed that the area of modern-day Abovyan was inhabited starting from the end of the 4th century BC. During the ancient Kingdom of Armenia, the western area of modern-day Abovyan was part of the "Kotayk" canton of Ayrarat province while the eastern area was part of "Mazaz" canton of the same province. Between the 5th and 7th centuries AD, the region was granted to the Amatuni Armenian noble dynasty. Abovyan was a residence from the ancient times. Here were found the ancient cuneiforms, the ancient castles, residence, and tombs.

The small village of Elar remained the largest settlement in the area until 1961, 2 years later in 1963 by the decision of the Soviet government, the town of Abovyan was founded, including the village of Elar and the surrounding areas. The modern town was built in 1962–1963 on a plateau located between Hrazdan and Azat rivers. It has rapidly developed as an industrial center in the Armenian SSR. The town was planned to include 8 residential neighborhoods and an industrial district.

Abovyan has a cultural palace, a public library and a community creative center for children and teenagers. The town is also home to a museum which was opened in 1982 and dedicated to the brotherhood and friendship between the Armenian and Russian nations. The recently renovated theatre of Abovyan has a regular schedule of theatrical shows. In the north-western part of the city you can see the beautiful Geghama mountain-chain, in northern part there is Hatis and Gutanasar mountains, in the western stretches Hrazdan’s Canyon.

There you can visit the house-gallery of Khachatur Abovyan; a great Armenian poet who has a big impact on Armenian history. In the city, you can see the memorial monument of Unknown Soldier. The other place of interest is the Russian-Armenian memorial of friendship between two countries. There is a very beautiful church in Abovyan; it is called Saint John (Hovhannes) the Baptist Church. It was funded by Armenian businessman Gagik Tsarukyan. It doesn't take too much time to get here. Here you can see the ancient memorials, castles, and tombs.